Location : Lodwar, Kenya
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Our Programs

Peacebuilding and Governance

Conflict is one of the most pressing issues affecting populations throughout northern Kenya and along its international borderlines with Uganda, South Sudan and Ethiopia. It is primarily resource-based, stemming from environmental degradation and depletion of water and land resources, and decreases in livelihoods and food security for local populations. Conflict in Turkana County itself is particularly challenging because the County borders over seven (7) ethnic groups from other parts of Kenya, as well as from the border countries of Uganda, South Sudan and Ethiopia. Since its inception, APaD has been and continues to be one of the most vibrant, trusted and active local organizations in peacebuilding in Turkana County especially in regards to Cross-Border intervention with the Pokot (of Kenya and Uganda), Karamojong (of Uganda) and Toposa (of South Sudan). Between 2008 and 2014, the organization successfully implemented the USAID funded PEACE I (2008-2009), PEACE II (2012-2014) and PEACE III (2015-19) program.

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Peacebuilding in Turkana, a region in northwestern Kenya, involves addressing complex interrelated issues such as ethnic conflicts, resource scarcity, poverty, and underdevelopment.
Here are several strategies that could be effective in promoting peace in the region:

1. Community Engagement and Dialogue

Inclusive Dialogues: Facilitate dialogues that include all community members, including women, youth, and elders, to ensure diverse perspectives and needs are addressed.

Peace Committees: Establish and support local peace committees that can mediate conflicts and promote reconciliation efforts within and between communities.

 2. Resource Management

Water and Pasture Management:Implement sustainable water and pasture management practices to reduce competition over these critical resources.

Alternative Livelihoods: Develop alternative livelihood programs to reduce dependency on pastoralism, which is often a source of conflict.

3. Education and Awareness

Peace Education: Integrate peace education into school curricula and community programs to promote a culture of peace from a young age.

Conflict Resolution Training: Provide training in conflict resolution and negotiation skills to community leaders and members.

 4. Economic Development

Infrastructure Development: Invest in infrastructure projects such as roads, schools, and health facilities to promote economic development and improve living conditions.

Microfinance Programs: Support microfinance initiatives that provide financial services to marginalized groups, enabling them to start and sustain small businesses.

5. Security and Governance

Community Policing: Establish community policing programs that build trust between security forces and the local population.

Transparent Governance: Promote transparency and accountability in local governance to reduce corruption and ensure that resources are used effectively.

 6. Cross-border Cooperation

Regional Initiatives: Engage in cross-border peace initiatives with neighboring countries and regions to address transboundary conflicts.

Joint Development Projects:Implement joint development projects that benefit communities on both sides of the border, fostering cooperation and reducing tensions.

7. Humanitarian Assistance

Food Security Programs: Address immediate needs through food security programs that provide emergency assistance and support agricultural development.

Health Services: Improve access to health services, particularly in remote areas, to address health-related vulnerabilities.

8. Cultural and Traditional Approaches

Traditional Conflict Resolution:Revitalize and support traditional conflict resolution mechanisms that have been effective in the past.

Cultural Exchange Programs: Promote cultural exchange programs that foster mutual understanding and respect between different ethnic groups.

 9. Monitoring and Evaluation

Conflict Early Warning Systems: Implement early warning systems to monitor and respond to signs of emerging conflicts.

Regular Assessments: Conduct regular assessments of peacebuilding initiatives to ensure they are effective and adapt strategies as needed.

10. Partnerships

NGOs and Civil Society: Collaborate with non-governmental organizations and civil society groups that have experience in peacebuilding and community development.

International Support: Seek support from international organizations for funding and technical assistance in peacebuilding efforts.

Conclusion

A comprehensive and multi-faceted approach that addresses the root causes of conflict while promoting sustainable development and inclusive governance is essential for lasting peace in Turkana. Continuous community involvement, adaptation of traditional practices, and strong partnerships at all levels will be crucial to the success of these peacebuilding efforts.